Irish/Present tense in -idh

From Celtic Languages
Jump to navigationJump to search

Present tense forms in -idh

In older forms of the language the 3rd person present verb forms were in -idh, e.g. féadaidh sé, ólaidh sé. These forms are still used in certain dialects and contexts. In Teileann they remain as normal present tense forms, in free variation with forms in -ann[1]. Further north they appear to be only used as a "historical present" in a narrative register.

The historical present

The forms in -idh can be used in the narrative register to refer to past actions, for example:

Ach goidé a rinne sé ach ar bhfeiceáil ar thógáil ruball Árd-na-gaoithe dó, agus pillidh sé.[2]

These forms have been recorded in Toraigh [3]

See Also §present tense


  1. Wagner, H., 1979. Gaeilge Theilinn §277.
  2. Ó Grianna, S., 1927. Cioth is Dealán p. 91.
  3. Hamilton, J. N., 1974. A phonetic study of the Irish of Tory Island, Co. Donegal p. 172 §f.